Nothing surpasses the joy of owning your own piece of land and building it from scratch according to your requirement. However, a little painstaking effort is required to turn your dream into reality. It is a long process which involves several steps:
Listed below is a step-wise elaboration of each step of the construction process:
While you plan your house, you need to keep in mind the factors like distance from your workplace, railway and metro station, bus stands, and airport; basic public amenities like road, water, and electricity; availability of hospitals, etc.
The land should not be prone to floods, earthquakes, etc. It should also not be under any litigation proceedings and the land title deed should be clear.
Hiring Service of Professionals
When you hire architects/engineers/contractors, you need to take the following:
- Certificate of undertaking from Architect
- Certificate of undertaking from Structural/Civil engineer
- Certificate of undertaking from Construction Supervisor
- Structural design basis report from Structural/Civil engineer
- Certified copies of building plans
Budgeting and Estimation
Generally, construction costs are divided into material cost, labor cost and other expenses in the ratio 60:30:10 respectively. It is never a bad idea to consult a professional for budget estimation of home construction.
Cement: To check the quality of cement, throw a small quantity of cement into a bucket of water. The cement should sink and not float. Cement should always be kept free from moisture.
Sand or fine aggregates: It should be well graded, clean and coarse and should contain sharp, angular, and durable grains. The clay content should not exceed 4 per cent and it should be free of salt and organic matter.
Stone chips or coarse aggregates: These should be clean, dense and neither flaky nor elongated. They should be stored well and different sections should be segregated.
Steel rods and Rebars: Steel Rebars are an important component and are cast into concreting to carry tensile loads. For any steel rebar weight per running metre is equal to d2/162 Kg, where d is the diameter of the rebar in mm.
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